The difference between latitude & longitude
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Lines of latitude are the invisible horizontal lines that run around the Earth from East to West, also known as parallels because they run parallel to one another and never meet. Measure distance north or south from Equator up to 180°. Lines decrease in length as they get toward the poles. The Equator is latitude 0°. Countries with a latitude of 0° include the Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Indonesia and Brazil. The North Pole has the latitude coordinate of 90° North. The South Pole has the latitude coordinate of 90° South.
Lines of longitude are the invisible vertical lines that run around the Earth from north to south, also known as meridians. Measure distance east or west of the prime meridian up to 360°. Cross the Equator at right angles. Lines are equal in length. Are farthest apart at the Equator and meet at the poles. The prime meridian is longitude 0°.